FINRA Manual: Contents
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Retired NASD Rules
CONDUCT RULES (2000–3000)
2000. BUSINESS CONDUCT
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2441. Net Transactions with Customers
This rule is no longer applicable. NASD Rule 2441 has been superseded by FINRA Rule 2124. Please consult the appropriate FINRA Rule.
(a) Prior to executing a transaction for or with a customer on a "net" basis as defined in paragraph (e) below, a member must provide disclosure to and obtain consent from the customer as provided in this Rule.
(b) With respect to non-institutional customers, the member must obtain the customer's written consent on an order-by-order basis prior to executing a transaction for or with the customer on a "net" basis and such consent must evidence the customer's understanding of the terms and conditions of the order.
(c) With respect to institutional customers, a member must obtain customer's consent prior to executing a transaction for or with the customer on a "net" basis in accordance with one of the following methods:
(1) a negative consent letter that clearly discloses to the institutional customer in writing the terms and conditions for handling the customer order(s) and provides the institutional customer with a meaningful opportunity to object to the execution of transactions on a net basis. If the customer does not object, then the member may reasonably conclude that the institutional customer has consented to the member trading on a "net" basis with the customer and the member may rely on such letter for all or a portion of the customer's orders (as instructed by the customer) pursuant to this Rule;
(2) oral disclosure to and consent from the customer on an order-by-order basis. Such oral disclosure and consent must clearly explain the terms and conditions for handling the customer order and provide the institutional customer with a meaningful opportunity to object to the execution of the transaction on a net basis. The member also must document, on an order-by-order basis, the customer's understanding of the terms and conditions of the order and the customer's consent; or
(3) written consent on an order-by-order basis prior to executing a transaction for or with the customer on a "net" basis and such consent must evidence the customer's understanding of the terms and conditions of the order.
(d) For those customers that have granted trading discretion to a fiduciary (e.g. an investment adviser), a member is permitted to obtain the consent required under this Rule from the fiduciary. If the fiduciary meets the definition of "institutional customer" in paragraph (e), the member may meet the disclosure and consent requirements under this Rule in the same manner permitted for institutional customers.
(e) For purposes of this Rule, (1) "institutional customer" shall mean a customer whose account qualifies as an "institutional account" under Rule 3110(c)(4); and (2) "net" transaction shall mean a principal transaction in which a market maker, after having received an order to buy (sell) an equity security, purchases (sells) the equity security at one price (from (to) another broker-dealer or another customer) and then sells to (buys from) the customer at a different price.
(f) Members must retain and preserve all documentation relating to consent obtained pursuant to this Rule in accordance with Rule 3110(a).
Adopted by SR-NASD-2004-135 eff. Oct. 2, 2006.
Selected Notice: 06-47.