FINRA Manual: Contents
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05-72 SEC Approves Amendments to NASD Rule 3150, Regarding Reporting Requirements for Clearing Firms, and NASD Rule 3230, Regarding Requirements for Clearing Agreements
Reporting Requirements for "Piggybacking" Arrangements
Effective Date: February 20, 2006
|Legal & Compliance
On August 26, 2005, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) approved amendments to NASD Rule 3150, regarding reporting requirements for clearing firms, and NASD Rule 3230, regarding requirements for clearing agreements.1 The new rule text is contained in Attachment A and is effective on February 20, 2006.
Questions concerning this Notice may be directed to George Walz, Vice President and Director, National Examination Program, Department of Member Regulation, at (202) 728-8462; or Shirley H. Weiss, Associate General Counsel, Office of General Counsel, Regulatory Policy and Oversight, at (202) 728-8844.
By way of background, some introducing firms choose not to contract for clearing services directly with a clearing firm. The reasons vary. For example, the firm may not do sufficient business to satisfy clearing firm financial and other requirements to support a separate clearing agreement. In such cases, the firm may contract for clearing services with an introducing, or "intermediary" firm that, in turn, contracts directly with a clearing firm for clearing services. Firms that contract for clearing services with an intermediary firm are often referred to as "piggybacking" firms, or "piggybackers."
Under this arrangement, only the intermediary firm has a contractual arrangement with the clearing firm, which clears for both the intermediary firm and the intermediary firm's piggybacking firm(s). Under current practice, the intermediary firm may assign account numbers to the piggybacker's accounts (both proprietary and customer accounts) that do not identify them to the clearing firm as belonging to a piggybacking firm. For example, the intermediary firm may assign account numbers that identify these accounts as branch offices of the intermediary firm.
Although these piggybacking arrangements may satisfy the business needs of the parties—the clearing firm, the intermediary firm, and the piggybacking firm—they may impede NASD regulatory programs and may cause problems for the clearing firm. For example, under Rule 3150, clearing firms are required to report certain data to NASD for purposes of the surveillance component of its National Examination Program (NEP). In fulfilling its reporting obligation under Rule 3150, a clearing firm whose clients include intermediary firms that have contracted with piggybackers may be reporting the combined data of the intermediary firm and its piggybackers as only belonging to the intermediary firm. In such cases, NASD staff is not able to distinguish between data belonging to the intermediary firm and data belonging to the piggybacking firm(s) for purposes of conducting surveillance.
In addition, this inability to separate the piggybacking firm data can, and already has, become a serious issue if an intermediary firm goes into SIPC (Securities Investor Protection Corporation) liquidation. If the data from the intermediary and piggybacking firms are not distinguishable, the clearing firm will be unable to facilitate the orderly transfer of accounts without doing time-intensive research and creating a special program to separate accounts belonging to the intermediary firm and its piggybacker(s).
To resolve these issues, NASD has adopted amendments to Rule 3150 (governing reporting requirements for clearing firms) and Rule 3230 (governing clearing agreements) that would permit regulators and clearing firms to distinguish between data belonging to an intermediary firm and data belonging to its piggybacker(s).
NASD Rule 3150. The amendments to Rule 3150 require clearing firms to report data to NASD about each piggybacking firm separately from the intermediary firm's data. These requirements will apply to the data pertaining to the proprietary and customer accounts of piggybacking firms only if the piggybacking relationship with the intermediary firm was established on or after February 20, 2006.
NASD Rule 3230. The amendments to Rule 3230 require intermediary firms to maintain data in such a way as to enable NASD and the clearing firm to be able to identify the data pertaining to the proprietary and customer accounts of the intermediary firm and the data pertaining to the proprietary and customer accounts of any piggybacking firm. These amendments will enable NASD staff to surveil data reported by piggybacking firms as part of NASD's NEP Surveillance program and facilitate any future SIPC liquidations. These requirements will apply to the data belonging to the proprietary and customer accounts of any piggybacking firm only if the piggybacking relationship was established on or after February 20, 2006.
1 Exchange Act Rel. No. 52352 (Aug. 26, 2005), br> 70 FR 52460 (Sept. 2, 2005) (SR-NASD-2005-058).
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3150. Reporting Requirements for Clearing Firms
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3230. Clearing Agreements
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